Mammals endemic to the island include the Bornean clouded leopard (Neofelis diardi) and the proboscis monkey (Nasalis larvatus). On the ground most of the sultanate's eastern sliver is off-limits except to researchers, but you can get a taste of the primeval jungle at Ulu Temburong National Park . Pepper is grown on a large scale by the resident Chinese. We are part of the Travelagents.com Network and one of over 50 Online City Guides - offering the best online travel deals from a choice of well known providers. Most of the rivers are navigable with the Kapuas River system being the longest covering 620 miles followed by the … Wildlife and Nature The island of Borneo is home to many unique and endangered species, such as the orang utan, proboscis monkey, the Borneo Rhino, the Pygmy Elephant, as well as the Green and Hawsbill Turtle. The Arowana is thought to bring luck, wealth, prosperity and strength – all positive feng shui. Borneo (malayisk: Borneo, bahasa Indonesia: Kalimantan, kinesisk: 婆罗洲) er en øy i Sørøst-Asia. Amongst the ethnic groups, the Dayak constitute the majority followed by the Malay, Chinese, Banjar, Orang Ulu, and Kadazan-Dusun. It is the third largest island in the world, surpassed in size by only Greenland and New Guinea. Ranges in the central spine include the Crocker, the Nieuwenhuis, and the Muller mountains. Borneo er ei øy i Søraustasia, og den største av dei store Sundaøyane. Se sijaitsee Kaakkois-Aasiassa, Malaijien saaristossa Tyynenmeren äärimmäisessä lounaisosassa. Borneo is een eiland in Zuidoost-Azië. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Travel Reservation, Hotel Accommodation, Car hire, Attractions in Borneo and more. Tobacco is grown in the uplands and traded to the lowlands. Jeho územie patrí krajinám Indonézia, Malajzia a Brunej a jeho celková rozloha je 743 330 km². The forests are also noted for their epiphytes and for the monster flower (Rafflesia arnoldii), the largest flower in the world. Sultan Omar Ali Saifuddien Mosque at dusk, Bandar Seri Begawan, Brunei. It also has coasts on the Java Sea, the Celebes Sea and Makasar Strait.Part of Borneo (Sabah and Sarawak) belongs to … Borneo (Community) is located in Nova Scotia (NS) in Canada. Borneo experiences an equatorial climate and therefore is generally hot and humid all year round. The rivers support the island’s transport and provide fresh water to the people. People also believe the Arowana has supernatural powers, or that it symbolises wealth and refinement, like a piece of art. The Indonesian part of Borneo, known as Kalimantan, covers about 73 percent of the island, while Malaysian Borneo occupies the rest along the northern edge, along with tiny Brunei. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. Brunei, 411,900. Borneo is an island found in the southwestern Pacific Ocean along the equator. The island is The island is It is the third largest island in the world, surpassed in size by only Greenland and New Guinea. Mount Kinabalu, Sabah, East Malaysia, highest peak on Borneo. Borneo is surrounded by the Java Sea to its south, the Celebes Sea on its east, and the South China Sea to its north. A long series of mountain ranges extend southwest across the island from Mount Kinabalu in the far northeast, which, at an elevation of 13,455 feet (4,101 metres), is the island’s greatest height and is also the tallest peak in Malaysia. The island of Borneo is on the equator in the South China Sea. More trees are also brought down to pave way for plantations of palm oil and other crops while forest fires have also done significant damages to the cover. Borneo’s rainforest is one of the oldest in the world, approximately 140 million years, and host many endemic flora and fauna species like the Dayak fruit bat and the Borneo elephant. It has an area of 288,869 square miles (748,168 square kilometers). Rainfall tends to be short heavy bursts followed by sunshine. Borneo delas politiskt av Indonesien, Malaysia och Brunei. News and analysis on Borneo current events. Borneo is situated southeast of the Malay Peninsula in the Greater Sunda Islands group of the Malay Archipelago. Located southeast of the Malay Peninsula and southwest of the Philippines, Borneo is primarily mountainous, with dense areas of rain forest. Borneo island is surrounded by South China Sea, Makassar Strait, Celebes Sea, Sulu Sea, and the Java Sea. Størstedelen, rundt 73 %, høyrer til Indonesia og heiter Kalimantan. Borneo covers a total 287,000 square miles, and is largely mountainous (the highest peak on Mount Kinabalu is 13,435 feet above sea level) with some lowlands especially in Central Kalimantan and Sarawak. From the iconic Orangutan and all eight species of Hornbills to the majestic Pygmy Elephants, Borneo is the best destination for wildlife sighting! Borneo is shared among three different countries - Indonesia (73%) to the south, Malaysia (26%), and Brunei (1%) to the north. Map of Borneo and travel information about Borneo brought to you by Lonely Planet. Borneo este a treia insulă ca mărime pe glob, după Groenlanda și Noua Guinee. The population, of which more than two-thirds is in Indonesian territory, is varied. The island is bounded by the South China Sea to the northwest, the Sulu Sea to the northeast, the Celebes Sea to the east, and the Java Sea to the south—the latter separating Borneo from the island of Java. Borneo, island in the extreme southwestern part of the Pacific Ocean. Britannica Kids Holiday Bundle! Our Top Tours for wildlife include Sukau Rainforest Lodge, Malaysia’s only National Geographic Unique Lodge of the World, the luxurious Borneo Rainforest Lodge in misty Danum Valley, Selingan Island, and Tabin Wildlife Sanctuary. Borneo er delt mellom tre stater. The island of Borneo is divided among Malaysia, Indonesia, and the small, independent nation of Brunei. In detail, the Java Sea and Karimata Strait borders Borneo in the south and, were it not for the deep waters separating the island from Sulawesi, the two would have had a land connection. Welcome to Borneo.com! It has a length of 830 miles (1,336 km) from northeast to southwest and a maximum breadth of 600 miles (960 km). It is divided into four political regions. Major cities include Samarinda, Banjarmasin, Kuching, and Balikpapan. I want emails from Lonely Planet with travel and product information, promotions, advertisements, third-party offers, and surveys. Met een oppervlakte van ongeveer 744.108 km² is Borneo het op twee na grootste eiland van de wereld; alleen Groenland en Nieuw-Guinea zijn groter. Which Countries Share the Island of Borneo. The Island’s climate is largely hot and humid with two seasons (October-March is wet while the rest is fairly dry). The extensive forest cover faces constant logging to meet local and international timber demands. Borneo er delt mellom tre statar. For a region that highly depends on logging to drive the economy, different endemic species like the Bornean orangutan and endangered species like the Bornean clouded leopard and the pygmy elephants face a constant threat of extinction. Indonesians call the island Kalimantan while in Malay, it is Pulau Borneo. Omissions? Farther north, as the island narrows, few rivers are navigable for more than 100 miles (160 km), often much less, a condition largely responsible for the northern interior of Borneo remaining, until recently, one of the least-known parts of the world. Borneo is poor in commercial mineral resources. Bauxite has been developed near Cape Datu in the southwest since the late 1950s, and coal has been mined in the southwest. Borneo is situated southeast of the Malay Peninsula in the Greater Sunda Islands group of the Malay Archipelago. Why Borneo You Say? Rubber is grown on small native plantations. Borneon pinta-ala on 743 330 km². Borneo is the world's third-largest island and the largest island of Asia. Long rivers include Kapuas, Mahakam, Barito, Rajang, and Kinabatangan. (2015) five provinces of Kalimantan (including adjacent islands), 15,320,017; (2010) Sabah and Sarawak, 5,677,882; (2014 est.) The Borneo peat swamp forests are home to the world's most desirable aquarium fish, the Arowana (Scleropages formosus). Rice, the staple food, is supplemented with corn (maize), cassava (manioc), cucumber, and pumpkin. Peat swamps are the natural feature along the coas… Three countries have territory in Borneo; by the size of the claim, they are Indonesia, Malaysia, and Brunei. Borneo has an extensive cave system that hosts millions of bats and cockroaches as well as guano of up to 330 feet thick. The Kapuas Hulu Mountains branch westward from the central core along the border between Sarawak and West Kalimantan, and a separate and discontinuous series of ranges parallel the east and southeast coasts in East and South Kalimantan. There are also a great many species of birds, insects, and fish. ボルネオ島の旅行ガイドならトリップアドバイザー。ボルネオ島のホテル・観光名所・グルメに関する39,832件の口コミやユーザーが投稿した写真を利用して、最高の旅行プランを計画して下さい。 Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. https://www.britannica.com/place/Borneo-island-Pacific-Ocean, Borneo - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... What are the islands of the Maldives made of? Brunei's population was … Borneo, also called as Kalimantan, is one of the largest islands of the world. Canoe transportation on a river in Sarawak, East Malaysia, on Borneo. Experimental plantings of coffee, cocoa, and hemp have been made. It includes non-Muslim Dayaks, Islamic Malays, Chinese, and a small minority of Europeans. Borneo (-slovenský normovaný názov) alebo Kalimantan je tretí najväčší ostrov na svete nachádzajúci sa v strede malajského súostrovia. It is ranked 3rd in terms of area (after Greenland and New Guinea). To start with, Borneo is the third largest island in the world, a tropical jungle-clad island set in the South China Sea in SE Asia. Borneon eteläosat kuuluvat Indonesialle, pohjoisosat Malesialle ja Bruneille. Floating market in Kalimantan, Indonesia, southern Borneo. The entire coastline has peat swamp forests on infertile soil. The island doesn’t entirely belonging to any one nation, but is divided between three … According to 2010 statistics, Borneo has 19.8 million residents mostly concentrated on the coastal towns and smaller towns along rivers. Borneo covers a total 287,000 square miles, and is largely mountainous (the highest peak on Mount Kinabalu is 13,435 feet above sea level) with some lowlands especially in Central Kalimantan and Sarawak. The highest peak in Borneo, Mt. Agriculture, mining, logging, oil, natural gas extraction, and ecotourism are the main drivers of Borneo’s economy, in fact, Borneo is among the largest oil producers in the Southeast of Asia. Øya er verdens tredje største (etter Grønland og Ny-Guinea), og har et areal på 743 330 km². Borneo is largely covered in dense rainforest, and both the floral and the faunal populations of the island are extremely varied. Updates? There are oil fields at Tanjung Balikpapan, in Brunei, and at more than a dozen other sites on the continental shelf off the north shore of the island. Borneo is the third largest island in the world, spanning an area that is almost 745,000 hectares in size. As with all tropical destinations, climates are unpredictable and rainfall Borneo is pretty well situated in the geographical center of Southeast Asia, just east of Singapore and southwest of the Philippines. The Makassar Strait separates Borneo from the island of Celebes (Sulawesi) to the east and southeast, and a series of shallow seas and straits lie between Borneo and the island of Sumatra to the west. Borneo, the world's third largest island, accounts for just 1% of the world's land yet holds approximately 6% of global biodiversity in its rich, tropical forests. Brunei is the only sovereign state completely on the island of Borneo; the remainder of the island's territory is divided between the nations of Malaysia and Indonesia. Geograficky je súčasťou juhovýchodnej Ázie. There are extensive stands of teak, oak, conifers, and hardwoods of the Dipterocarpaceae family (including members the commercially valuable genus Shorea). Ho har over 18 millionar innbyggjarar. Pop. In Indonesien wird die ganze Insel Kalimantan genannt. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Med en yta på 743 330 km² är den världens tredje största ö. År 2005 hade den 15 721 384 invånare, 2009 18,6 miljoner.  Teilweise wird die Bezeichnung Kalimantan im engeren Sinne auf den indonesischen Teil der Insel bezogen, unter anderem wegen der Benennung der fünf indonesischen Provinzen auf Borneo: West-, Süd-, Ost-, Nord- und Zentralkalimantan ergeben insgesamt Kalimantan im Sinne von indonesische Provinzen auf Borneo. Indonesia constitutes the largest political component of the island (in Indonesian known as Kalimantan), its territory divided into five provinces: Central Kalimantan, East Kalimantan, North Kalimantan, South Kalimantan, and West Kalimantan. Newer markets are for the seeds of the shorea tree and for chicle. The island is roughly centered just north of the Indonesian archipelago. Borneo Blank Map 2000 x 2226 - 84.18k - png Its species range from the distinct Bornean orang utans and elephants to the giant pitcher plants and Rafflesia flowers. Location of Borneo. Generally, Borneo soils are poor, with a few exceptions of fertile volcanic areas. Other notable animals include orangutans, gibbons, and elephants, but the Sumatran rhinoceros is now extinct there. Coastal area exports are sago, copra, cutch (a dye extracted from mangrove bark), and marine products. Borneo lies astride the Equator. From the sky, Brunei's Temburong District looks like all of Borneo once did: an unbroken carpet of primary rainforest unblemished by roads, buildings or logging gashes. Located to the south of South China Sea, West of Celebes Sea, and north of the Java Sea, this island has different names within the countries that share its territory. On average, annual rainfall amounts to 10 inches. A young orangutan in the tropical forest of northern Borneo, Sabah, East Malaysia. Sort out the facts about islands across the globe. Along the northwest coast and northern tip lie Sarawak and Sabah, two constituent states of Malaysia that are often collectively called East Malaysia, and between them is the Islamic sultanate of Brunei. The main river of East Malaysia is the Rajang in Sarawak. What is the world’s largest archipelago? Borneo island covers an area of 743,330 square kilometers. For scale, Borneo is roughly the size of France or Texas. Borneo is the third-largest island in the world (after Greenland and New Guinea), and is located south of Hong Kong, east of Singapore, and north of western Australia. Borneo (Indonesies: Kalimantan; Maleis: Pulau Borneo), die wêreld se derde grootste eiland, ná Groenland en Nieu-Guinee, beslaan 'n oppervlakte van 743 330 km² en word begrens deur die Suid-Chinese See in die noordweste, die Soeloesee in die noordooste, die Celebessee in die ooste en die Javasee in die suide. Most of the rivers are navigable with the Kapuas River system being the longest covering 620 miles followed by the Mahakam River (570 miles), the Rajang (565 miles), the Barito (560 miles), and the Kinabatangan (350 miles) as well as one of the longest underground rivers inside the Clearwater Cave. Borneo (på indonesiska: Kalimantan) är en ö i Sydostasien, belägen i mitten av malackaarkipelagen. All maps, graphics, flags, photos and original descriptions © 2020 worldatlas.com. Borneo Tourist Information and Travel Guide. Øya er den tredje største i verda, etter Grønland og Ny-Guinea, og har eit flatemål på 745 560 km². The main rivers of Kalimantan are the Kapuas in the west and the Mahakam in the east. Din punct vedere politic insula este împărțită între statele Indonezia, Malaezia și Brunei, partea de nord sunt provinciile ce aparțin de Brunei și Malaezia, iar partea cea mai mare „Kalimantan” aparține Indoneziei. The main agricultural products include vegetables, cacao, and rubber. As part of the Malay Archipelago, this island is the largest island in Asia and third largest island in the world after Greenland and New Guinea. A large part of Borneo is drained by navigable rivers, which represent the principal and often the only lifelines of trade and commerce. Borneo – 3 quốc gia 751.936 100,0 19.804.064 100.0 Kinh t ế Kinh tế Borneo dựa chủ yếu vào nông nghiệp, khai thác gỗ, khai mỏ, dầu khí và du lịch sinh thái. By Mark Owuor Otieno on October 20 2017 in Environment. Visit Borneo also provides resources for expats and people relocating to Sabah and Sarawak on Malaysian Borneo, Kalimantan on the Indonesian Borneo, and Brunei Darussalam. It is part of the Indonesian archipelago. East coast development is centred on the Attaka area. Borneo is home to more than 15,000 species of flowering plants, 3,000 tree species, 440 fish species, 420 bird species, and over 220 species of land mammals. Borneo maps. Karimata Strait is to the south while to the west is Sumatra and the Malay Peninsula. Gold, diamonds, antimony, mercury, gypsum, and iron have all at some time since the beginning of the 19th century been exploited on an individual producer basis, using small-scale methods. The island is largely mountainous, although there are extensive lowlands, especially in Central Kalimantan and Sarawak, that are often swampy along the coasts. NOW 50% OFF! By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. The island is sparsely inhabited by Asian standards. In detail, the Java Sea and Karimata Strait borders Borneo in the south and, were it not for the deep waters separating the island from Sulawesi, the two would have had a land connection. Mount Kinabalu is the tallest point at an elevation of 4, 095 meters. Detailed, interactive and static maps of Borneo and satellite images for Borneo. Area (including adjacent islands), about 292,000 square miles (755,000 square km). Numerous species of flora and fauna thrive in the vast habitat. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Borneo (malaijiksi Pulau Borneo, indonesiaksi Kalimantan) on maailman kolmanneksi suurin saari. Please select which sections you would like to print: Corrections? The highest population densities are in South Kalimantan and in eastern, western, and northern coastal areas. Borneo’s climate is equatorial—hot and humid with a fairly distinct division into two seasons, consisting of a wet monsoonal period (landas) between October and March and a relatively drier, calmer period of summer (tedoh) for the rest of the year. The average annual rainfall is about 150 inches (3,800 mm). 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Articolul a fost publicat in data de 2 ianuarie 2021.